Motor Absorbed Power Calculator
Unit Converter ▲
Unit Converter ▼
From:  To: 
The Motor Absorbed Power calculation is an essential aspect of electrical engineering, especially in selecting and operating electric motors efficiently. This metric indicates the amount of electrical power a motor consumes under load, essential for understanding and optimizing energy use.
Historical Background
The concept of motor absorbed power emerged with the development of the first electric motors in the 19th century. Understanding the power a motor absorbs from the electrical supply for conversion into mechanical energy has been critical in the evolution of electric motor design and application.
Calculation Formula
The formula to calculate Motor Absorbed Power is given by:
\[ Pa = \frac{n}{100} \times \sqrt{3} \times V \times I \times p.f. \]
where:
 \(Pa\) is the Motor Absorbed Power in watts,
 \(n\) is the motor efficiency in percent,
 \(V\) is the applied voltage in volts,
 \(I\) is the current in amps,
 \(p.f.\) is the power factor.
Example Calculation
Consider a motor with an efficiency of 92%, an applied voltage of 400 volts, a current of 5 amps, and a power factor of 0.85. The Motor Absorbed Power can be calculated as:
\[ Pa = \frac{92}{100} \times \sqrt{3} \times 400 \times 5 \times 0.85 \approx 2758.5 \text{ watts} \]
Importance and Usage Scenarios
Motor absorbed power is vital for engineers and technicians to ensure that the electrical supply can support the motor's operation without overloading. It's also crucial for energy management and determining the operational cost of a motor in various applications, such as industrial machinery, HVAC systems, and electric vehicles.
Common FAQs

What factors affect the motor absorbed power?
 Factors include the motor's efficiency, the applied voltage, the electrical current, and the power factor.

How does motor efficiency influence absorbed power?
 Higher efficiency means more of the electrical power is converted into mechanical energy, potentially reducing the absorbed power for the same output.

Can absorbed power be reduced?
 Yes, by using motors with higher efficiency, improving the power factor, or optimizing the motor's load conditions.
This calculator provides a straightforward way to determine the absorbed power of an electric motor, aiding in the selection, operation, and energy management of motors across various applications.