Intrinsic Viscosity and Degree of Polymerization Calculator
Unit Converter ▲
Unit Converter ▼
From:  To: 
Intrinsic viscosity is a measure of a polymer's contribution to the viscosity of a solution and is related to its molecular weight. The degree of polymerization (DP) indicates the number of monomeric units in a polymer molecule. This calculator helps in determining the DP from intrinsic viscosity using the MarkHouwink equation.
Historical Background
The relationship between intrinsic viscosity and molecular weight of polymers has been extensively studied since the early 20th century. The MarkHouwink equation, established by Hermann Mark and Andre Houwink, provides a way to relate these two properties, facilitating the characterization of polymers.
Calculation Formula
The degree of polymerization can be calculated using the MarkHouwink equation:
\[ [η] = K \cdot M^a \]
where:
 \([η]\) is the intrinsic viscosity,
 \(K\) and \(a\) are the MarkHouwink parameters,
 \(M\) is the molecular weight of the polymer.
The degree of polymerization (DP) can be derived as:
\[ DP = \left(\frac{[η]}{K}\right)^{\frac{1}{a}} \]
Example Calculation
Given:
 Intrinsic Viscosity, \([η]\) = 0.5
 \(K\) value = 0.001
 \(a\) value = 0.8
The degree of polymerization (DP) is:
\[ DP = \left(\frac{0.5}{0.001}\right)^{\frac{1}{0.8}} \approx 74.54 \]
Importance and Usage Scenarios
Understanding the degree of polymerization is crucial for determining the physical properties of polymers, such as strength, toughness, and melting temperature. This is essential for applications in materials science, chemical engineering, and manufacturing industries.
Common FAQs

What is intrinsic viscosity?
 Intrinsic viscosity is a measure of a polymer's ability to increase the viscosity of a solvent.

Why is it important to calculate the degree of polymerization?
 The degree of polymerization determines the polymer's properties and suitability for various applications.

How do I find the MarkHouwink parameters?
 The \(K\) and \(a\) values are typically determined experimentally and can be found in scientific literature for specific polymersolvent systems.
This calculator is a valuable tool for researchers and engineers working with polymers, providing quick and accurate calculations for polymer characterization.