Specific Gravity To Volume Calculator
Unit Converter ▲
Unit Converter ▼
From:  To: 
Calculating the volume from specific gravity is a crucial step in various fields such as chemistry, physics, and engineering, as it helps in determining the space that a given mass of substance occupies based on its density compared to water.
Historical Background
The concept of specific gravity has been in use for centuries as a measure to compare the density of a substance with that of water. This comparison allows for a better understanding of how substances will behave in different environments, such as whether they will float or sink when placed in water.
Calculation Formula
The volume from specific gravity is calculated using the formula:
\[ V_{sg} = \frac{m}{SG \times 998.2} \]
where:
 \(V_{sg}\) is the Volume from Specific Gravity (m³),
 \(m\) is the mass of the substance (kg),
 \(SG\) is the specific gravity.
Example Calculation
If you have a substance with a mass of 2 kg and a specific gravity of 1.05, the volume from specific gravity can be calculated as:
\[ V_{sg} = \frac{2}{1.05 \times 998.2} \approx 0.0019 \text{ m}^3 \]
Importance and Usage Scenarios
Specific gravity to volume calculations are essential in designing vessels for holding liquids, in the brewing and distillation industries for determining alcohol content, and in geology for identifying mineral compositions.
Common FAQs

What is specific gravity?
 Specific gravity is a dimensionless quantity that represents the ratio of the density of a substance to the density of a reference substance; typically, water at 4°C (which has a density of 998.2 kg/m³).

Why use 998.2 in the formula?
 The number 998.2 represents the density of water in kg/m³ at 4°C, which is the temperature at which water's density is highest and is commonly used as a reference.

Can this calculator be used for any substance?
 Yes, as long as the specific gravity and mass of the substance are known, this calculator can be used to determine the volume of solids, liquids, or gases.
This calculator streamlines the process of converting specific gravity to volume, making it accessible for educational purposes, industry professionals, and anyone interested in physical properties of substances.