JarqueBera Test Calculator for Statistical Analysis
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JarqueBera Test Value: {{ jbTestResult }}
The JarqueBera (JB) Test is a widely used statistical test in economics and finance for testing whether a given sample of data has the skewness and kurtosis matching a normal distribution. It's particularly useful in econometrics and for validating assumptions in regression models.
Historical Background
The JarqueBera Test was developed by Carlos M. Jarque and Anil K. Bera. It's based on the work of Pearson, who introduced measures of skewness and kurtosis in the early 20th century. The JB test became prominent in statistical analyses as a simple yet powerful tool for checking normality in large samples.
Calculation Formula
The JarqueBera Test is calculated using the following formula:
\[ \text{JB Test} = \frac{n}{6} \left( S^2 + \frac{1}{4} (K  3)^2 \right) \]
Where:
 \( n \) is the sample size.
 \( S \) is the coefficient of skewness.
 \( K \) is the kurtosis coefficient.
Example Calculation
Consider a dataset with the following characteristics:
 Coefficient of Skewness: 2
 Sample Size: 50
 Kurtosis Coefficient: 4
Applying the JB test formula:
\[ \text{JB Test} = \frac{50}{6} \left( 2^2 + \frac{1}{4} (4  3)^2 \right) = 33.3333333333 \]
This JB test value would then be compared to a critical value from the chisquared distribution to determine if the null hypothesis of normality can be rejected.
Importance and Usage Scenarios
The JB Test is important for:
 Statistical Analysis: Validating the normality assumption in various statistical models.
 Econometrics: Used in regression analysis and time series analysis.
 Financial Modeling: Assessing the normality of returns in finance.
Common FAQs

What does a high JB Test value indicate?
 A high JB Test value suggests that the data does not follow a normal distribution.

Is the JB Test suitable for small sample sizes?
 The JB Test is more reliable for large samples. For small samples, other tests like the ShapiroWilk test might be more appropriate.

Can the JB Test be used for any type of data?
 It is best suited for continuous data and less effective for categorical data.