Field of View Calculator
Unit Converter ▲
Unit Converter ▼
From:  To: 
The field of view is an important parameter in various applications such as photography, cinematography, and surveillance. It determines the extent of the area that can be captured by a camera or optical device.
Historical Background
The understanding and measurement of the field of view have evolved with the development of optics and imaging technologies. Early cameras had fixed fields of view, but as technology advanced, the ability to adjust and calculate it precisely became crucial.
Calculation Formula
The formulas to calculate the horizontal and vertical fields of view are as follows:
\[ \text{Horizontal Field of View} = 2 \times \arctan\left(\frac{\text{Sensor Size (Horizontal)}}{2 \times \text{Focal Length}}\right) \times \frac{180}{\pi} \]
\[ \text{Vertical Field of View} = \text{Horizontal Field of View} \times \frac{\text{Sensor Size (Vertical)}}{\text{Sensor Size (Horizontal)}} \]
Example Calculation
If the focal length is 50mm and the sensor size (horizontal) is 36mm, the calculation for the horizontal field of view would be:
\[ \text{Horizontal Field of View} = 2 \times \arctan\left(\frac{36}{2 \times 50}\right) \times \frac{180}{\pi} \approx 39.6^{\circ} \]
Importance and Usage Scenarios
In photography and videography, knowing the field of view helps photographers and filmmakers compose shots and choose the appropriate lenses. In surveillance systems, it determines the coverage area and helps in planning the placement of cameras.
Common FAQs

How does the sensor size affect the field of view?
 A larger sensor size typically results in a wider field of view for the same focal length.

Can I calculate the field of view for different aspect ratios?
 Yes, but the formulas may need to be adjusted based on the specific aspect ratio and sensor dimensions.

What if my device doesn't have the exact sensor size and focal length specified?
 You can make estimations based on similar models or use average values for common sensor and focal length ranges.
This calculator provides a quick and convenient way to determine the field of view, but it's important to note that realworld conditions and variations in equipment may slightly affect the actual field of view.