Effect Size Index Calculator: Cohen’s d
Unit Converter ▲
Unit Converter ▼
From:  To: 
Effect Size Index (Cohen’s d): {{ cohenD }}
Find More Calculator☟
The Effect Size Index Calculator, specifically for Cohen’s d, is a statistical tool used to quantify the difference between two means, relative to the variability in the data. It's widely used in fields like psychology, education, and social sciences to understand the magnitude of experimental effects.
Historical Background
The concept of effect size was popularized by Jacob Cohen in the 1960s, as a response to the limitations of null hypothesis significance testing. Cohen's d became one of the most common ways to measure effect size, providing a standard measure for the strength of a phenomenon.
Calculation Formula
Cohen's d is calculated using the following formula:
\[ \text{Cohen's d} = \frac{M_1  M2}{SD{pooled}} \]
Where:
 \(M_1\) is the Mean of Group 1.
 \(M_2\) is the Mean of Group 2.
 \(SD_{pooled}\) is the Pooled Standard Deviation.
Example Calculation
For two groups with the following statistics:
 Mean of Group 1: 50
 Mean of Group 2: 40
 Pooled Standard Deviation: 15
Cohen’s d is calculated as:
\[ \text{Cohen's d} = \frac{50  40}{15} \approx 0.67 \]
Importance and Usage Scenarios
 Research Analysis: Helps in quantifying the effect of an intervention or difference between groups.
 Metaanalysis: Vital for comparing results across different studies.
 Educational Assessments: Used in evaluating the effectiveness of educational interventions.
Common FAQs

What is considered a 'large' effect size in Cohen’s d?
 Generally, 0.2 is considered small, 0.5 medium, and 0.8 large, but this can vary by field.

Can Cohen’s d be negative?
 Yes, a negative value indicates that the mean of Group 2 is higher than Group 1.

Is Cohen’s d affected by sample size?
 While the value of d itself isn’t affected, smaller sample sizes can increase the uncertainty around the estimate.